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[Gen'l Info] Blood chits

Hello,

I'm an intern at Smithsonian Magazine in Washington, D.C., and have been endlessly searching for someone who knows anything about blood chits. My research tells me that blood chits have historically been called everything from identification flags to scarves to escape flags by war veterans. My information also tells me that the United States government issues these pieces of cloth to pilots who fly over dangerous/enemy territory. If their plane downs, they can then present this chit to a civilian in enemy territory, who would be promised a reward by the U.S. government if he assisted the U.S. pilot or soldier. However, I need to know whether these chits were issued by the U.S. government or the U.N. (I'm getting conflicting information), how many have been issued in the history of U.S. chits, when was the first chit issued, do we still use chits today and who do we issue these chits to, pilots or all soldiers? Also, how many foreigners have collected with the U.S. government after retrieving chits from Americans they assisted? Any info you can provide would be IMMENSELY appreciated. Thanks so much!

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[Gen'l Info] Blood chits
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