I recommend contacting the following for research in Brazilian Military history:
Museu Histórico Nacional
Praça Marechal Âncora - Próximo à Praça XV
20.21-200 - Centro - Rio de Janeiro - RJ
Tel.: (5521) 240-2092 / Fax.: (5521) 220-6290 / E-Mail: email@example.com
Tuesdays thru Fridays: from 10am to 5:30 pm
Closed on Mondays
Saturday, Sunday and Holidays: from 2pm to 6 pm
AEROESPACIAL (MUSEU ) (Aerospace Museum)
Av. Marechal Fontenelle, 2.000
Campo dos Afonsos
Tels: 3357-5212, 3357-5213, 3357-5214
Open: Tues-Fri, 9am - 3pm, Sat and Sun, 9:30am - 4pm Entry free. Guided visits by appointment 72 hours in advance
Exhibition of historic weapons, documents and aircrafts as replicas of the 14 Bis and Demoiselle constructed by Santos Dumont.
CARTOGRÁFICO DO SERVIÇO GEOGRÁFICO DE EXÉRCITO (MUSEU )
(Cartographic Museum, Army Geographical Unit)
5ª Divisão de Levantamento
Rua Major Daemon, 81
Morro da Conceição - Centro
Access via Acre St.
Open: Mon - Fri, 8 am - 5 p.m.Visits by appointment.
Located in two rooms in a historic mansion that was once (1702 - 1905) the residence of the Bishop of Rio de Janeiro. Known as the Palácio Episcopal da Conceição it was acquired from the Church by the War Ministry in 1923. Maps, photographs and instruments used in topographic surveys are all on display here, including: compasses, telescopes and theodolites which portray the development of cartography in Brazil. As the cradle of this art, the Army has many fascinating historical documents, particularly an extremely rare map of Brazil dating back to the XVIII century. One of only two copies anywhere in the world, the other is kept at the Tower of the Tomb in Lisbon, Portugal.
CASA DOS PILÕES E SÍTIO ARQUEOLÓGICO
(Casa dos Pilões Museum)
Rua Jardim Botânico, 1.008
Open: Tues - Sun, 8am - 5pm
Set in Brazil earliest gunpowder factory, dating back to 1808, this museum offers information recorded in English and Portuguese, and shows how gunpowder was manufactured through a motorized mock-up.
ESPAÇO CULTURAL DA MARINHA
(Navy Cultural Center)
Av. Alfredo Agache, s/ nº
No final da Praça Quinze,
em frente Av. Presidente Vargas - Centro
Open: Tues-Sun, noon - 5pm
(Historical Shipping Exhibition)
The development of shipping from primitive dug-out canoes to giant modern oil-tankers. Special emphasis on the instrumentation and navigation techniques used by Portugal's XVI century navigators.
Arqueologia Subaquática no Brasil
(Underwater Archeology in Brazil)
A valuable collection of items recovered from ships sunk off the Brazilian coest between 1648 and 1916. The display includes realistic reproductions of life aboard a galleon, as well as a diorama of the ocean floor showing scientific techniques used to explore underwater archeological sites.
FORÇA EXPEDICIONÁRIA BRASILEIRA (FEB) (MUSEU DA)
(Brazilian Expeditionary Force Museum)
Rua das Marrecas, 35 - Lapa
Open: Mon - Fri, noon - 5:30pm Entry free.
Weapons, decorations, photographs and historic documents recalling the battles of the Italian Campaign during the World War II.
HISTÓRICO DA CIDADE DO RIO DE JANEIRO (MUSEU )
(City Historical Museum)
Parque da Cidade (City Park)
Estrada de Santa Marinha, s/ nº - Gávea
Tel.: 2512-2353 - Tel. & Fax: 2294-5990
Open: Tues - Sun 11 am - 5pm
The history of the city depicted in pictures, maps, paintings and blueprints. Especially nice are watercolors of Rio in the 1800s. Cafeteria, gift shop and children's programs. Built in the XIX century, the mansion housing the City History museum is set in what was once the Morro Queimado coffee plantation, owned by the Marquis of São Vicente. In 1887, it was acquired by the Count of Santa Marinha who redecorated it in its current style. This museum portrays Rio de Janeiro from its founding in 1565 to the mid-XX century, highlighting the sweeping urban transformations that changed the face of the city. An impressive permanent collection of some 17,000 items features furniture, photographs and paintings by many well-known
HISTÓRICO DO EXÉRCITO E FORTE DE COPACABANA
Army History Museum and Copacabana Fort
Praça Coronel Eugênio Franco, 1 - Copacabana
Open: Tues - Sun, 10am - 4pm
Inaugurated in 1914 on the promontory of the old Nossa Senhora de Copacabana chapel, the Copacabana Fort was first built to strengthen the defenses protecting the Guanabara Bay with twelve meters thick walls facing the sea and weapons made by Krupp. The setting for one of the most heroic episodes in Brazil's military history - known as the 18 of the Fort -which took place on July 5th1922. Permanent exhibition of The Army and the Formation of Brazil's National Identity during Colonial times, the Empire and the Republic. Blending historical interest with magnificent views, the Copacabana Fort offers visitors both culture and entertainment.
HISTÓRICO NACIONAL (MUSEU) (National History Museum)
Praça Marechal Âncora, s/nº - Centro
Tel.: 2 550-9224 - Fax: 2 220-6290
Open: Tues - Fri, 10am - 5:30pm Sat - Sun, 2pm - 6pm
Set up in 1922 to celebrate the Centenary of Brazil's Independence from colonial rule, the National History museum is one of the country's most important museums. Two 18th-century structures form the National History Museum: the House of Armaments (1764) and the House of Train (1762) in 180,000 square feet right in the heart of Rio de Janeiro's historic downtown, its precious collection of over 257,000 works is displayed in over 50,000 square feet of exhibition space. The oldest section of this palace dates back to 1603, where the battlements of the old Santiago Fort still survive today. Countless courses, seminars and video sessions include special activities for students, teachers, senior citizens, the visually disadvantaged and needy children.
MILITAR CONDE DE LINHARES (MUSEU) M || TOP ||
(Conde Linhares Military Museum)
Av. Pedro II, 383 - São Cristóvão
Open: Sat, Sun and holydays, 10 am - 4 pm.
During the week visits restricted for schools and by appointment. This collection brings together documents of the historical bases of the Brazilian Army, stressing aspects of World War II and Brazil's participation in United Nations Peace Missions in San Domingo, Suez and Angola. Exhibition of armored cars, antique cannons, light weapons and vehicles such as the Jeep used by Mascarenhas de Morais, the Commander of the Brazilian Expeditionary Force, and a Toyota damaged in an ambush in Angola.
Quinta da Boa Vista, s/ nº - São Cristóvão
Open: Tues - Sun 10am - 4pm
This large mansion has been the National museum since 1892. It was donated to the Prince-Regent John VI by Portuguese merchant Elias Antonio Lopes in 1808. After the collapse of the Brazilian Empire, it was used as a barracks, then a school, and finally became the seat of the Assembly.
With more than a million pieces on display: zoology, archaeology, theology, botany and classical antiques it is one of Brazil's most complete museums.
Popular holdings include the biggest meteorite discovered in the Southern Hemisphere (5.36 tons/4,860 kg), the place that drew up the first Constitution of the Brazilian Republic, Egyptian mummies and sarcophagi, together with indigenous weapons and objects, stuffed animals and minerals from all over the world. Part of this collection belonged to Emperor Pedro II, who was a botanist, and his wife the Empress Teresa Cristina, an archeologist. There is also a nursery garden covering 40,000 m2 and a library specializing in the natural and anthropological sciences with 442,000 volumes.
NAVIO MUSEU BAURU
Cais do Espaço Cultural da Marinha
(Moored at the docks of Navy Cultural Center
at the end of Av. Alfredo Agache)
Av. Alfredo Agache, s/no - Centro
Tels.: 2253-9236, 2216-6191
Open: Tues-Sun, noon - 5pm.
The Bauru today houses an exhibition of weapons and installations typical of a World War II torpedo-boat.
Museu Naval e Oceanográfico
Rua Dom Manuel, 15
Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20010-090 +55 21 533-7626
Rio began as a seafaring city and is a great place to explore some of its history. The exhibit begins with the Portuguese control of Brazils naval affairs and continues to the present times. Housed in the original Navy headquarters, downtown, there are also models of galleons, nautical charts, naval paintings and military equipment on display. The highlight, however, has to be the hand-drawn map of the New World by Pedro Álvares Cabral.
PANTEÃO DUQUE DE CAXIAS
(Duque de Caxias Pantheon)
Praça Duque de Caxias, 25 - Centro
Tel.: 2521-1032 (information)
Open: Mon - Thurs, 10am - 4pm. Fri, 10am - noon
The life and outstanding achievements of Duque de Caxias are mirrored in this exibition which features a ducal crown, insignia, sabers and the tombstones of the Duque and Duchess, as well as his mortal remains. He is the Patron of the Brazilian Army.
(Riachuelo Submarine Museum)
Cais do Espaço Cultural da Marinha
(Docks of the Navy Cultural Center)
Av. Alfredo Agache, s/no - Centro
Tels.: 2216-6814, 2216-6815
Open: Tues - Sun, noon - 5 p.m.
Included in the Brazilian fleet on January 27th 1977, this is the seventh vessel in the Brazilian Navy to bear the name of Riachuelo, recalling the great sea-battle that took place on June 11 1865 between the Paraguayan fleet and part of the Brazilian fleet, under the command of Admiral Barroso. During its time in active service, the Riachuelo submarine traveled a total of 181,924.88 miles, with 1,283.5 days at sea and 17,699 hours and 41 minutes under water. Touring its compartments, visitors learn about its weaponry and machinery, getting a good idea of life on board.
WW II GUERRA MUNDIAL (MUSEU DA)
(World War II Museum)
Monumento Nacional aos Mortos na
II Guerra Mundial
(National Monument to the Dead
of World War II)
Av. Infante Dom Henrique
Parque Brigadeiro Eduardo Gomes - Aterro
Open: Tues - Sun, 10am - 4pm
Brazilian, American and German uniforms, together with weapons, medals, stamps and documents belonging to soldiers who fought in World War II (1939-1945). Built in 1960, this monument includes a m, the Mausoleum with the mortal remains of Brazilian heroes who died on the battlefield of Italy, and the Tomb of the Unknowm Soldier, together with a lake and works by Ceschiatti and Anísio Araújo de Medeiros.
I hope these Brazilian Museums and their resources would be of help to you.
Alejandro "Alex" de Quesada, FCMH
Vice President for Administration
Company of Military Historians
To Join the Company of Military Historians click here