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Re: [Gen'l Info] 1st Regiment Alabama Cavalry

1st Alabama Cavalry Regiment
The 1st Alabama Cavalry Regiment was organized at Montgomery on 12 November, 1861, with companies recruited from Autauga, Butler, Calhoun, Dale, Mobile, Montgomery, Monroe, Morgan, Pike, and Tallapoosa counties. It was ordered to Tennessee soon after and was engaged at the Battle of Shiloh, with light loss, reporting 588 present for duty. It fought at Boonville, suffering severely, and at Blackland with few casualties. The regiment moved into Kentucky with the Army of Tennessee, as part of Gen'l Joseph Wheeler's command. It was engaged at Perryville, and it skirmished for several weeks thereafter. When the Army reached middle Tennessee, the 1st was occupied in a series of skirmishes and then lost heavily at Murfreesboro. It guarded the flanks and front of the Army, and it protected the rear on the retreat to Tullahoma and Chattanooga, losing heavily at Duck River. The regiment fought at Chickamauga with little loss and was moved into east Tennessee with Gen'l James Longstreet, fighting at Clinton, Knoxville, Mossy Creek, and other places, with some loss in each. It was part of the force on the Sequatchee Raid, fought at Dandridge, and operated on and harassed the enemy's front and flank during the Dalton-Atlanta Campaign. The 1st was in the fight at Decatur, with heavy loss, and took part in the capture of Union Gen'l George Stoneman's column. Moving to the Tennessee, the regiment faced about and pursued Union Gen'l William Sherman. It was in the fight at Waynesboro, and it lost a number at Fiddler's Pond. The 1st participated in the attack against Union Gen'l Judson Kilpatrick, and in the collisions at Averysboro and Bentonville. Near Raleigh, a few days before the surrender, the regiment drove the enemy. It surrendered as part of Hagan's Brigade, Allen's Division, at Salisbury, NC, about 150 strong, on 26 April 1865. The regiment had participated in more engagements of one kind or another than any other unit in either army.
Field and staff officers: Cols. James H. Clanton (Montgomery; promoted); William W. Allen (Montgomery; wounded, Murfreesboro; promoted); David T. Blakey (Montgomery; wounded, Dandridge); Lt. Cols. Moses W. Hannon (Montgomery; resigned); William W. Allen (promoted); Thomas Brown (Montgomery; KIA, Woodsonville, KY); David T. Blakey (promoted); Augustus H. Johnson (Montgomery); Majors William W. Allen (promoted); Thomas Brown (promoted); David T. Blakey (promoted); A. H. Johnson (promoted); Vincent E. Elmore (Montgomery); and Adjutants James H. Judkins (Montgomery; resigned); E. D. Ledyard (Montgomery; transferred); Wesley Jones (Montgomery; KIA, Fiddler's pond); and B. L. Wyman (Montgomery)
Captains and counties from which the companies came:
Co. "A"/"D" (Autauga)-- Thomas B. Brown (promoted Lt. Col.); Washington T. Lary (wounded, Middleton, TN; resigned, 10 Aug 63; promoted Lt. Col., 6th AL Cavalry); John A. Whiting (captured, Nashville)
Co. "B" (Montgomery) -- M. W. Hannon (promoted, Lt. Col.); John F. Gaines (resigned, 5 Aug 62); W. G. Campbell (resigned, 22 Nov 62)
Co. "C" [afterwards, Co. "D", 5th AL Cavalry](Morgan) -- James W. Harper (resigned, 24 May 62); Josiah Patterson (promoted, Col., 5th AL Cavalry); S. W. Nunn (to Capt., 5th AL Cavalry)
Co. "D"/"C", "F", Pearson Dragoons (Tallapoosa) -- John G. Stokes (resigned, 25 Oct 62); Jesse W. Fitzpatrick (resigned, 26 Nov 64); Henry C. Washburn (1st Lt., paroled as Capt., Co. "D")
Co. "E", J. Powell's Dragoons (Calhoun) -- David T. Blakey (promoted, Major); Warren Stone Reese (promoted, Col., 12th AL Cavalry); John Monroe Anderson
Co. "F"/"A" (Pike, Dale, Coffee) -- Augustus H. Johnson (promoted, Major); George P. Fuhrman (captured, Middleton)
Co. "G"/"B" (Autauga, Montgomery) -- Joseph Hodgson (resigned, 23 march 63; promoted, Lt. Col. Hodgson's Battalion; promoted, Col., 7th AL Cavalry); George Speed (KIA, Noonday Creek); Robert A. Allen (paroled as Capt., Co. "I")
Co. "H"/"E", Sandy Williams' Guards (Monroe, Butler) -- H. Orlando Abney (resigned, 26 June 62); James A. Hightower (resigned); Vincent Martin Elmore (promoted, Major); Bolling Kavanaugh (paroled as Capt., Co. "K")
Co. "I" (Pike, Butler) -- Charles H. Colvin (resigned, 8 Dec 62); Sydney E. Allen (KIA, Murfreesboro); Robert Allen (wounded; promoted, Capt., Co. "G"/"B")
Co. "I" [formerly and subsequently, Co. "B", 12th AL Cavalry Battalion] -- Augustus J. Ingram
Co. "K" (Montgomery) -- James H. Clanton (promoted, Col.); Britton C. Tarver (resigned, 8 Nov 62); J. W. McDowell (resigned, 7 Dec 62)
Co. "K" [formerly and subsequently Co. "C", 12th AL Cavalry Battalion] -- J. M. Musgrove
Co. "L" [formerly and subsequently Co. "D", 12th AL Cavalry Battalion; later Co. "D", 12th AL Cavalry] -- J. W. Whorton


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[Gen'l Info] 1st Regiment Alabama Cavalry
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