Americans were not the only ones in Russia during 1918-1920. The British had troops in various part of Russia which included Canadian elements. The 16th Brigade, Canadian Field Artillery, provided artillery to the British force at Archangel; others served as instructors with White Russian forces. Most of all, some 70,000 Japanese troops and 4,000 Canadian troops entered Vladivostock with the 8,000 Americans.
Disputes between the intervening nations over who should control the Trans-Siberian Railway starved the White Russians on the Ural Front of the arms and ammunition they needed from Vladivostock and led to their defeat by the Red Army. The occupation now served no purpose and the allied troops were withdrawn from Vladivostock during the summer of 1919. In northern Russia, the Canadian troops were withdrawn in June 1919 after some light figthing with Bolchevick forces. In the south, a small British and Canadian force that had occupied Baku since August 1918, thus denying its oil to go to Germany at a crucial time, also evacuated.
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